The Ultimate Guide to Bukit Hijau: Hiking Trails, Big Tree and Waterfall

Many know Bukit Hijau as a popular and short hiking trail starting at Island Glades near Gelugor, but fewer know there's a network of trails crisscrossing this interconnected patch of hills and valleys. Want to hike in Bukit Hijau? Here's all you need to know.

Bukit Hijau top
Watching the sunset over Island Glades from the top of Bukit Hijau (image © Kit Yeng Chan)

When thinking about hiking in Penang, many go to Penang Hill or cross into Seberang Perai to hike in Mainland Penang in places like Cherok Tok Kun, a forest reserve near the cool city of Bukit Mertajam, or Bukit Juru and Bukit Panchor State Park.

But remaining on Penang island, there’s another cluster of hills soaring to the west of Penang Hill that people know mostly for Bukit Hijau — meaning “Green Hill”, it’s an easy and short hike starting from Jalan Tambaga in Island Park. Even if it’s less than 200 meters high, Bukit Hijau rewards hikers with beautiful views of the Paya Terubong Valley and Kek Lok Si Temple on the flank of Penang Hill. This main trail is also located beside the Bukit Hijau waterfall, a tall cascade dropping from a sheer cliff.

Here is all you need to know to make the best of your visit to Bukit Hijau Penang in 2021.


How to get to Bukit Hijau in Penang

The start of the trailhead to Bukit Hijau is behind a terraced house in Cangkat Tembaga, Island Park. You can park your motorbike or try to find a spot for your car at the end of the residential area, and proceed up a flight of stairs to an outdoor badminton court set at the foot of the hill.

Bukit Hijau trailhead at Cangkat Tembaga
Bukit Hijau Trailhead at the end of Cangkat Tembaga (image © Marco Ferrarese)

A beautiful waterfall is just nearby, and we’ll tell you how to go see it later.

This is a map to Bukit Hijau’s trail-head in Cangkat Tembaga:


Tips for Visiting Bukit Hijau Penang

  • Bring water and a sunhat
  • Bring mosquito repellent because they do bite along these ridges!
  • If you aren’t the type who can relieve herself in the wild, use a toilet BEFORE coming here as there are no facilities around Bukit Hijau
  • As above, think about food. If you plan on coming here around lunch time (not recommended due to extreme heat) be prepared with some snacks.
  • Areas like Tai Kar Luck have tap water and tables, but that’s pretty much it. You’ll need a portable stove to cook anything, and if you do so, DO NOT play play with fire.

Hiking to Bukit Hijau’s Summit

The scenic end to Bukit Hijau’s hike are two opposite viewpoints that offer great views of Kek Lok Si temple and the Paya Terubong valley on one side, and vistas stretching from Island Park over Jelutong to Pulau Jerejak and Penang’s First Bridge from an exposed rock face. This rock also makes for a very scenic sunrise or sunset photography location.

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Locals play at the badminton court at the bottom of Bukit Hijau
The badminton court at the very beginning of Bukit Hijau’s trek (image © Marco Ferrarese)

You can hike to the top of Bukit Hijau in about 25 minutes from the badminton court. Follow a well-marked staircase with stone steps first up to a shrine set above a pond, where there’s one first rest stop for hikers.

Hikers walking along Bukit Hijau's trail
Hikers walk along the main trail leading from the pond and first shelter to Bukit Hijau’s viewpoint (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Continue upwards. You’ll soon come to a major fork in the road: if you take the left-hand path, you’ll proceed up an easier staircase that connects you to the top of the ridge passing a rock that hikers named “Shark Rock”. Stay on the main staircase leading up and keep in mind that the many side trails lead to local homes and Chinese shrines.

Crossing the curled root-tree at Bukit Hijau
Kit Yeng walks through the unmissable circular tree-root you’ll pass on the “tougher” path up to Bukit Hijau’s summit (image © Marco Ferrarese)

If, on the other hand, you take the right-hand path at the fork, you’ll proceed to Bukit Hijau’s summit via a slightly rougher path that first skirts a beautiful tree-root curled into a circle, and then takes you to the top via a barren ascent punctuated by trees and large boulders. When you start seeing the edge of the ridge, lookout for a right turn that brings you directly to the exposed rock looming over Island Park.

There’s a small hikers’ hut here. Take the main path above the ridge to the left, and you’ll soon reach the top of Bukit Hijau, where there’s a small tennis court. To the right is the viewpoint above Air Hitam and Paya Terubong valley, with Kek Lok Si and Penang Hill in front of you. Just ahead of the court and to the left is Shark Rock. Descend here to reconnect to the pond, and leave the area via the badminton court.

Marco and Kit Yeng stand on top of Bukit Hikau at sunset.
Marco and Kit Yeng at Bukit Hijau’s summit at sunset… perfect place to end any day over Island Park (image © Marco Ferrarese)

The path gets dark quickly after sundown around 7/7.30 pm, so remember to bring a headlamp if planning to stay on the top to see the sunset.


Other possible routes at Bukit Hijau’s Hiking Area

The summit of Bukit Hijau is only the most straightforward hike you can do in this patch of interconnected hills and valleys. We have walked all over the place and recorded our trails on a GPS application for your convenience, as the majority of these trails do not appear in most offline GPS.

Here’s a map of the main trails we experienced at Bukit Hijau:

A map of the circular route you can strike along when visiting the Bukit Hijau area (image © Marco Ferrarese)

As you can see, there are several opportunities to make some interesting loops. We are going to explain the main routes in the following paragraphs.


Alternative Route to Cow Hill and Bukit Holland

Bukit Hijau’s summit is just one among a cluster of interconnected hills that extend for about 9 kilometers until Bukit Jambul in the center of Penang island. Before the trail was halted for construction near the privately owned Iconic Hill (under the management of Iconic Hotel, one of Bukit Mertajam’s best hotels), it was possible to hike uninterruptedly from Farlim all the way to Bukit Jambul — a 5-hour hike passing nine of Penang’s central hills that became popularly known among local hikers as the “Trans 9 Peaks”.

It’s highly recommended to take some time to explore this area, for it grants chances to hike up to a ridge and loop around a central valley strewn with small farms.

The final part of the ascent to Cow Hill up from Bukit Hijau's pond
The final part of the ascent to Cow Hill up from the pond. Look for the first left-hand path BEFORE you reach the pond from the badminton court, and you’ll end up here (image © Marco Ferrarese)

The Chinese shrine and rest area of Tai Kar Luck make for a perfect mid-point whether you decide to take the route clockwise or anticlockwise from Bukit Hijau.

From the badminton court, you can strike directly to the top of the western ridge by taking the steep trail that shoots up directly from the left side of the playground.
Otherwise, hike until about 10 metres BEFORE the pond, and pay attention to the first path/staircase you’ll find on your left side. It’s a steep hike via a very well-marked trail with ropes snaking up the side of the hill all the way to the top of Cow Hill.


The Yew Bee Temple Route to Cow Hill/Bukit Holland

The Yew Bee Temple in Taman Island Glades, Penang.
The Yew Bee temple, another starting point to a (steep) path towards Bukit Hijau or Tai Kar Luck (image © Marco Ferrarese)

You can also summit Cow Hill via a steep path flanked by many beautiful boulders that crawl up from the Chinese temple Yew Bee in Cangkat Delima 3, Taman Island Glades.

This is not recommended for beginner hikers or children, but it’s a vigorous way to the top for all others. Once at Cow Hill, you can turn right to continue down and up to Bukit Hijau, and loop back via Bukit Romania, Tai Ka Luck, and back to Cow Hill, or walk the opposite way if taking a left.

Man next to boulder on the way up Bukit Holland from Yew Bee temple in Penang Bukit Hijau.
Meeting impressive boulders on the way up Bukit Holland from Yew Bee temple (image © Marco Ferrarese)

The Big Tree Trail down to the farms — where things can get slightly hardcore

If you keep walking clockwise from Cow Hill, you’ll soon reach a side path going downhill to your right. Follow it down for about 8 minutes, and you’ll come under the Big Tree. It’s very different from the most famous Big Tree of Penang at Cherok Tok Kun, but it’s so tall you’ll really feel like a nut next to it.

The Big Tree at Bukit Hijau hiking trail.
Bukit Hijau’s “Big Tree”: taller than most trees you have ever seen (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Non-experienced hikers should turn back up after taking their pictures, and continue down to Tai Kar Luck, rather than continue descending for the trail soon enough disappears into too many.

It’s possible to reach a paved motorcycle path connected to a set of farms if you turn right where you’ll see a big, empty metallic cage, and proceed beyond it literally following your instincts. Pay attention because this patch goes right by the edge of a cliff that’s often covered in leaves and undergrowth, for a fall here would definitely hurt.

Metal cage near the Big Tree at Bukit Hijau.
The creepy metallic cage where you’ll have to start doing some off-road hiking… not for beginners, please (image © Marco Ferrarese)

If you make it to the farms, you’ll soon join a fork in the road where you can re-join Bukit Hijau via a mountain path through Bukit Romania, or by taking the flat, shorter trail via the farms to the badminton court. It’s about 30 minutes back out from here.

Continuing straight and then left, you’ll reach Tai Ka Luck in another 20 minutes tops.


Tai Kar Luck rest stop

This Chinese shrine and ample hiker rest area are the literal crossroads from all the routes coming in from the north (Bukit Hijau-Farlim), south (Bukit Relau, and onwards to Bukit Botak and Iconic Hill), and east (Bukit Gambier).

Tai Kar Luck rest point is the midpoint of Bukit Hijau's circular loop
Tai Kar Luck is one cozy spot to take a rest and drink a coffee — which you must bring from home, as there’s nothing here bar running water and some tables/chairs. Keep stuff in order, thank you. (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Since the route south via the Trans 9 Peak to Bukit Jambul is closed/hard to follow at the time of writing, we consider Tai Kar Luck as a perfect southernmost mid-point for a circular loop of the Bukit Hijau massif. This route will take you approximately 2/3 hours to complete, depending on your speed and the time you’ll spend at the rest stops and viewpoints along the way.


Bukit Hijau’s Waterfall

Once you emerge back out again from the badminton court, don’t forget that the road that continues to the right of the Bukit Hijau trailhead takes to another side of the hill where you can see the beautiful Bukit Hijau waterfall.

Bukit Hijau's waterfall
You won’t have to shed a pearl of sweat to see Bukit Hijau’s waterfall, as it’s reachable by car. Don’t be an a$#[email protected] and keep it clean as you see it, thanks. (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Set at the back of a Chinese and a Hindu temple and before a large concrete expanse, this is one of the easiest Penang waterfalls to reach as you can just drive there. It’s a majestic 20-something-meters drop that becomes rushing with water in the wet season.

You may bathe here, but if you do so, remember to keep the place clean — take out your trash and be a responsible human being. We DO encourage you to have fun here, but littering and being an ass is out of the question, thanks for understanding.


Bukit Hijau Penang: The Final Verdict

Walking on Cow Hill's ridge
Hiking along the ridge via Cow Hill and Bukit Holland (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Bukit Hijau is a very nice hiking area that’s suitable for all levels and easily reachable with your own wheels. If you don’t have, either charter a Grab car or ask a local friend to take you.

It’s a very valid alternative to the trails on Penang Hill and is very good for both beginners and people who aren’t too fit but still want to enjoy nature. The climb up to Bukit Hijau’s viewpoint is straightforward, and yet the views you’ll get definitely give a sense of satisfaction.

If you are a beginner and intend to try the circular loop all the way to Tai Kar Luck, it’s best to walk anti-clockwise, meaning, hike first to Bukit Hijau’s summit and then walk back down to Tai Kar Luck via Bukit Romania and the farms.

The valleys filled with farms between Farlim and Island Glades.
Tucked deep within Penang’s hidden valleys… who knew the island still boasts this nature? (image © Marco Ferrarese)

Experienced hikers may prefer to strike up clockwise, reaching Cow Hill and Bukit Holland first, and then descending to the valley before looping back to Bukit Hijau’s summit or directly to the badminton court.

However you do it, you’ll soon fall in love with this area — two low hill ranges protecting a valley studded with farms and tropical vegetation.


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